What’s Ask-A-Vet Series?
Ask-A-Vet is a feature that aims to build our knowledge about the well-being and care of our pets. Each month, we will feature veterinary experts who will be sharing their knowledge pertaining to specific themes.
Keep a lookout for the Ask-A-Vet Series and feel free to raise your questions to the experts on PetExpo Facebook or Instagram. Follow us at @PetExpoSG.
Selected questions and responses will be shared here.
With COVID-19 is at the forefront of everybody’s minds in recent weeks, what are your concerns? Dr. Frederic Chua from Allpets & Aqualife Clinic shares with us on how to keep your furkids healthy in this current situation.
Dr. Frederic Chua
Dr. Frederic Chua’s approach to veterinary treatments reflect his firm belief that pets are an integral part of the family. He values engaging with family members on how pets behave or are treated at home when evaluating their illnesses. He has served many positions in the AVA, and has had various public health and biosecurity experience.
“COVID-19 belongs to a large family of viruses called Coronaviruses. Coronaviruses tend to be species-specific. That means the human version of Coronaviruses tends to affect humans only. The dog version of Coronaviruses tends to affect dogs only and it applies to all other animals.” Dr Frederic Chua
There is a potential risk for our pets to carry infectious diseases on them and subsequently spread it to us while they remain unaffected. It has NOT been proven true for COVID-19 situation. However, basic hygiene principles should apply including having their paws washed with soap and water or wiped with a safe and effective disinfectant product such as F10 Wet Wipes.
COVID-19 belongs to a large family of viruses called Coronaviruses. Coronaviruses tend to be species-specific. That means the human version of Coronaviruses tends to affect humans only. The dog version of Coronaviruses tends to affect dogs only and it applies to all other animals.
At this stage, we do not know much about the evolution of COVID-19. However, the suspicion is that it may have mutated from an animal version to a human version. If the concern is true, it is currently a human Coronavirus version, not an animal version. This means the likelihood of animals catching COVID-19 from an infected person and falling sick is unlikely, regardless of the age of the animal.
There is no need to get extra vaccination at this stage. These vaccinations have not been proven to be cross-reactive in any case.
Alcohol is certainly capable of killing viruses, including COVID-19, however, it is highly dependent on the concentration of alcohol and the contact time it remains on the skin. Every hand sanitiser product requires contact time. For alcohol-based sanitisers, it is most often between 20 - 30 seconds. But the alcohol may evaporate before the time is reached. So our hands may not get sanitised at all. Apart from that, alcohol dries the skin and causes skin irritations. It is often flammable and it produces toxic fumes.
We recommend the use of non-alcohol based sanitisers or wipes for our pets, especially to pay attention to the active ingredients and their concentrations. There is a minimum concentration required for all sanitisers to be able to eliminate COVID-19. However, it does not mean the higher the concentration, the better it is as safety becomes an issue.
Do look out for products that are proven safe with test data. This includes F10 Ready-To-Use Disinfectant.
Washing with soap and water regularly is a good practice regardless of whether there is an active outbreak situation. It is wise to take a proactive approach to prevent infections. Our pets are highly unlikely to be infectious as they are not the natural hosts for COVID-19.
However, their belongings such as bedding, toys and many more can harbour the virus (it works the same as our belongings). This means we should sanitise our pet’s belongings the same way as to how we sanitise our belongings by using a safe and effective disinfectant such as F10 Super Concentrate Disinfectant.
Puppies have different nutritional requirements compared to adult dogs. Most importantly, it is the number of calories, calcium and phosphorus required. A diet fed to puppies must be specially formulated for puppies and not generically for any dog. It is ideal to select a product that meets AAFCO requirements as these baseline requirements are produced by a multidisciplinary group that comprises of veterinarians, scientists, nutritionists, and more.
Dogs have specific dietary requirements depending on their age and life stages. For example, a diet fed to puppies must be specially formulated for puppies and not generically for any dogs. This applies to an adult dog too. Thus, it is not suitable to feed puppy food to a dog for the rest of its life.
It is ideal to select a product that meets AAFCO requirements as these baseline requirements are produced by a multidisciplinary group that comprised of veterinarians, scientists, nutritionists and more. Be careful of the unregulated products that may be easily available in the market.
If the diet is balanced, there is no need to feed any extra vitamins. However, there might be some benefits to provide our pets with additional supplements such as Glucosamine, Chondroitin, Boswellia, Clivers Complex, etc. Please speak to your veterinarian before taking any supplements as they might not be suitable for all pets.
Unfortunately, in Singapore's high humidity climate, almost all types of substrates are prone to mould.
Examples of negative consequences of mould on our pets (and us!):
- Breathing issues (e.g. Asthma)
- Skin irritation due to allergy
- Secondary infections (e.g. If there is any wound, the mould will take the opportunity to cause an infection.)
Here are some ways to mitigate against mould:
- To change substrates more regularly.
- The use of a dehumidifier or place in an air-conditioned room.
- Disinfect your house with a safe and effective disinfectant. This includes areas that spores can hide in. For example, cracks in parquet/ceilings, inside cabinets, etc. The use of F10 Super Concentrate Disinfectant (after dilution) can be used on surfaces, in fog machines, and even on the skin!)
- To remove any excess food and to clean bowls with a safe and effective disinfectant (E.g. F10SCXD Disinfectant with Detergent).
- The presence of biofilm - a layer of protection where germs produce to protect themselves from disinfectants and even antibiotics. (The good news is, biofilm takes a while to build up. With periodic deep cleaning using a suitable cleaner will prevent biofilm from building up. For example, the use of F919 Biofilm Remover).
Congratulations to the winners of Ask-A-Vet Series #1!
The 6 lucky winners win a F10 Ready-To-Use Disinfectant Sprays. A special thanks to Allhealth Solutions Pte Ltd for the sponsorship. PetExpo Team will be contacting the winners, so keep a lookout on your Facebook or Instagram’s personal message.
What’s F10 Ready-To-Use Disinfectant Spray?
F10 Ready-To-Use Disinfectant Spray aids the control of the spread of COVID-19. This spray can be used on the skin as a sanitiser (for both humans and pets), as well as directly on surfaces.
F10 is a new generation of disinfectant. It is a blend of Benzalkonium Chloride 0.054% and Biguanide 0.004% compounds which synergises to create a disinfectant that is rapidly effective against bacteria, fungi, yeast, spores, and viruses (including COVID-19!). It is safe, non-corrosive and biodegradable. This product also comes in a Super Concentrate form which you can dilute yourselves with tap water at home to refill existing bottles.
Allhealth Solutions Pte Ltd is a healthcare distribution company in Singapore dedicated to the Onehealth initiative. Our goal is to improve the health and hygiene of our pets, our families, and the environment we all live in for the future generations to come.